Source water key to bacterial water safety in remote Northern Australia

In the wet-dry topics of Australia, drinking water in remote communities is often sourced from groundwater bores. The geochemistry of that groundwater impacts the occurrence of opportunistic pathogens in the drinking water supply, researchers now report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. Many aquifers in the tropics of Northern Australia are Continue Reading

Stopping progression of tissue injury after button battery ingestion

Button battery injuries in children have been increasingly severe—resulting in devastating injuries and even death. Button batteries damage esophageal tissue through isothermic hydrolysis reactions, resulting in alkaline caustic injury, which leads to tissue necrosis. Prompt removal of the battery is critical to minimizing damage. However, when children swallow a button Continue Reading

Possible treatment breakthrough for the rare disease arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy type 5 (ARVC5) is a fatal genetic disease for which there is unfortunately no cure. Now, scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC) and Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda Hospital (Spain) have discovered a possible treatment for this rare disease. The research team, whose findings Continue Reading

Global analysis finds early onset colorectal cancer rising in many high-income countries

A new American Cancer Society study finds that colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence is increasing exclusively in young adults in nine high-income countries spanning three continents. The study, appearing in the journal Gut, finds the rising rates are in contrast to stable or declining trends in older adults, suggesting that changes Continue Reading

Artificial intelligence approaches may improve diagnostics of kidney disease

Two new studies reveal that modern machine learning—a branch of artificial intelligence in which systems learn from data, identify patterns, and make decisions—may augment traditional diagnostics of kidney disease. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of JASN. Pathologists often classify various kidney diseases on the basis of visual assessments Continue Reading

Johns Hopkins opening new psychedelic research center, studying use of ‘magic mushrooms’ and more

Johns Hopkins Medicine is launching a new psychedelic research center where scientists will test the potential of so-called magic mushrooms and other drugs to treat some of the toughest mental health and addiction challenges. The center, announced Wednesday, is believed to be the first center in the United States and Continue Reading