Hepatitis C-infected kidneys function as well as uninfected organs after transplant

Kidneys from donors who were infected with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) function just as well as uninfected kidneys throughout the first year following transplantation, according to a new Penn Medicine study. The analysis of kidney transplant recipients across the United States, published today in the Journal of the American Continue Reading

Study details how exosomes, released by the breast tumor, tricks cells in the blood-brain barrier into taking them up

Metastasizing breast cancers typically seek out the bones, lung, and brain. Brain metastases are especially dangerous; many women survive for less than a year after diagnosis. How is the cancer able to get past the blood brain barrier? And can it be blocked? Those questions led Ph.D. candidate Golnaz Morad, Continue Reading

Transgender adults who experience discrimination more likely to attempt suicide

A new UCLA-led analysis of data from the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey found that more than half of respondents, 51.2 percent, who had experienced four types of anti-transgender discrimination and violence—losing a job, eviction, homelessness and physical attack—in the past year reported attempting suicide in that year. And 97.7 percent Continue Reading

Stress and blood vessel problems

Emory University School of Medicine researchers have uncovered an important risk pathway for cardiovascular disease (CVD) by utilizing an oft-cited fear—public speaking—to measure how stress changes the lining of blood vessels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). While psychological stress is already associated with CVD, the Emory study—published in Continue Reading

Applying the tools of economics to medical decision-making

Following a medical scare in which he found himself in an Israeli hospital with a chart marked FUO, or “fever of unknown origin,” Charles Manski began digging into medical decision-making.  Following his 1985 hospital experience, Manski—whose research spans econometrics, judgment and decision, and the analysis of public policy—saw another field that could benefit Continue Reading