Ibuprofen is commonly used to relieve the symptoms of arthritis, fever, and menstrual and other types of pain.
It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and also has an antiplatelet effect, which means it protects from blood clots.
Ibuprofen brand names include Brufen, Calprofen, Genpril, Ibu, Midol, Nuprin, Cuprofen, Nurofen, Advil, and
Motrin, among others.
When buying medication at a pharmacy, the packaging will state whether a product contains ibuprofen.
Fast facts on ibuprofen
Here are some key points about ibuprofen. More detail is in the main article.
Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
It is widely used to relieve symptoms of pain, fever, and inflammation.
People with heart problems, stroke, or peptic ulcers should use it with care.
It should not be used in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
It is considered a non-addictive alternative to opioid painkillers.
What is ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen is an NSAID that is widely available and reduces swelling, inflammation, and pain.
Ibuprofen is an NSAID, a type of medication with analgesic, fever-reducing, and, in higher doses, anti-inflammatory effects.
The World Health Organization (WHO) includes ibuprofen in a list of the minimum medical needs for a basic healthcare system known as its “Essential Drugs List.”
A non-steroidal drug is not a steroid. Steroids often have similar effects, but long-term use can cause severe adverse effects. Most NSAIDs are non-narcotic, so they do not cause insensibility or stupor.
Ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen are all well-known NSAIDs, partly because they are available over the counter (OTC) from pharmacies.
Ibuprofen works by blocking the production of prostaglandins, substances that the body releases in response to illness and injury.
Prostaglandins cause pain and swelling, or inflammation. They are released in the brain, and they can also cause fever.
Ibuprofen’s painkilling effects begin soon after taking a dose. The anti-inflammatory effects can take longer, sometimes several weeks.
Ibuprofen is not recommended for those with asthma, as an allergic or asthmatic reaction could be provoked.
The United States (U. S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns that some people may be allergic to the ingredients of ibuprofen.
Allergic symptoms include:
hives, red skin, blistering, or a rash
asthma and wheezing
Anyone experiencing these symptoms should stop using the drug.
In severe cases, anaphylactic shock may occur. The person will have difficulty breathing. This is life-threatening and needs immediate medical attention.
Ibuprofen should not be used in the last 3 months of pregnancy unless definitely directed to do so by a doctor, as it may affect the fetus or lead to problems during delivery.