Focal dystonia is an unusual condition, also known as “the yips.” It is a neurological disorder that involves involuntary spasms in the small muscles. It can result from overuse or repetitive stress, and it may affect musicians and golfers.
Focal dystonia, can affect the hands, so that the fingers curl into the palm or extend outward without control.
Focal dystonia is unusual, but it is one of the most common neurological conditions. In the United States, 30 in every 100,000 people are thought to live with it. It can affect people of all ages, including children, but symptoms most commonly begin between the ages of 40 and 60 years.
Dystonia is a movement disorder.
Dystonia refers to a syndrome of disordered movement. There are many types of dystonia, and they can affect various muscles in the body, depending on the type.
Symptoms vary according to the kind of dystonia involved. Cervical dystonia, or torticollis, occurs in the neck. It is the most common form of focal dystonia. There is also upper limb, lower limb, and even lingual dystonia.
Since there are many kinds of movement disorder, dystonia can be classified in various ways, for example, by age of onset, where it occurs in the body, or if it is a primary or secondary condition.
What you need to know about dystonia
There are different types of dystonia. Click here to find out more about this condition.
Primary dystonia is thought to happen when the basal ganglia do not produce enough neurotransmitters, or when it produces the wrong kind of neurotransmitters. It is sometimes hereditary.