Vitamin B5 is a water-soluble vitamin from the B group of vitamins. It helps produce energy by breaking down fats and carbohydrates. It also promotes healthy skin, hair, eyes, and liver.
People need B5 to synthesize and metabolize fats, proteins, and coenzyme A.
B5 is one of the less known vitamins, possibly because deficiencies of it are rare.
Vitamin B5 is also known as pantothenic acid, or Pantothenate. The word pantothenic comes from the Greek “pantou,” meaning everywhere. Nearly all foods contain small quantities of pantothenic acid.
Why do we need vitamin B5?
Vitamin B5 is also known as pantothenic acid and can be found in most foods.
Vitamin B5 has many important functions. These include:
converting food into glucose
forming sex and stress-related hormones
forming red blood cells
As with all B vitamins, pantothenic acid helps the body break down fats, carbohydrates, and proteins so that our bodies can use them for energy and rebuilding tissues, muscles, and organs.
Vitamin B5 has a role in synthesizing coenzyme A.
Coenzyme A is involved in the synthesis of fatty acids and is important for converting foods into fatty acids and cholesterol.
Coenzyme A is also needed for the creation of sphingosine, a fat-like molecule that helps deliver chemical messages inside the body’s cells.
The liver needs Coenzyme A to metabolize some drugs and toxins safely.
Vitamin B5 helps maintain a healthy digestive system and assists the body in using other vitamins, especially vitamin B2. Vitamin B2 helps manage stress, but there is no evidence that pantothenic acid reduces stress.
Vitamin B5 has been shown to reduce the spread of acne as well as providing benefit to many other areas of the body.
Some studies have shown that vitamin B5 works as a moisturizer on the skin and enhances the healing process of skin wounds.
One study showed that vitamin B5 helped facial acne and reduced the number of acne-related facial blemishes when taken as a dietary supplement. Researchers noted a “significant mean reduction in total lesion count” after 12 weeks of taking a B5 dietary supplement. The authors call for more trials to confirm the results.
Cholesterol and triglycerides
Some studies suggest that vitamin B5 intake can help lower cholesterol and levels of blood triglycerides, or fats. This course of management should only be pursued under medical supervision.
Some researchers have found that people with rheumatoid arthritis have lower levels of vitamin B5. However, more evidence is needed to confirm these results.
Vitamin B5 deficiency is extremely rare in people as pantothenic acid is found in nearly all foods. A healthy and varied diet should provide a person with enough.
Clinical trials have shown, however, that a deficiency may lead to: