Precision editing of gut bacteria reduces cancer in mice

UT Southwestern researchers have shown that precision editing of the bacterial populations in the gut reduces inflammation-associated colorectal cancer in mice. The study published this week by the Journal of Experimental Medicine could lay the groundwork for novel cancer prevention strategies for individuals with chronic intestinal inflammation. Inflammatory bowel disease Continue Reading

How do interactions between gut bacteria and fungi exacerbate crohn’s disease?

Scientists have known that bacteria in the gut, along with environmental and genetic factors, contribute to the debilitating intestinal ailment of Crohn’s disease (CD). But in 2016, Mahmoud A Ghannoum, Ph.D., FAAM, FIDSA, professor and director of the Center for Medical Mycology at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and Continue Reading

These gut bacteria prevent mice from becoming obese—what could that mean for us?

Researchers at University of Utah Health have identified a specific class of bacteria from the gut that prevents mice from becoming obese, suggesting these same microbes may similarly control weight in people. The beneficial bacteria, called Clostridia, are part of the microbiome—collectively trillions of bacteria and other microorganisms that inhabit Continue Reading

Digestion-aiding herbs alter gut microbiome

Many medicines used today—including aspirin, penicillin and malaria-fighting quinine—originated from nature. Now, Sanford Burnham Prebys and UC San Diego scientists have turned to ancient digestive herbs to learn about gut health—in the hopes of uncovering new treatments for colon cancer, autoimmune conditions and additional serious diseases. In a recent study Continue Reading

Heal and nourish your gut with fermented foods: A beginner’s guide to making your own

Eating fermented foods has numerous benefits, such as protecting the body from harmful bacteria including salmonella and E. coli. Probiotics generally refer to live bacteria and yeasts that are good for your digestive system. These “good bacteria” are found in a variety of foods such as cheese, yogurt, chocolate, wine, and Continue Reading

PCOS reduces diversity of bacteria in gut microbiome; hormones found to alter microbiome populations

Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a hormone condition which could lead to infertility and metabolic disorders such as diabetes and heart disease, may have “less diverse” gut bacteria than women who don’t have the condition. The study, which was published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, was Continue Reading

Gut microbiome found to be permanently distorted by H. pylori bacteria

The gastrointestinal microbiota is a flourishing environment for good bacteria and other microbes that contribute to human health. However, a study of Helicobacter pylori infections warns that the bacteria can permanently change gut flora by displacing good bacteria from the stomach. The new findings come from a group of Austrian researchers led by Dr. Christoph Steininger, Continue Reading

Gut microbiota composition modulated by diet; together they determine gastrointestinal health, disease risk

The composition of a person’s diet can be used to regulate gut microbiota, which can have positive outcomes against certain diseases. The findings of the study, which appeared in Food Science and Human Wellness, comes from a comprehensive analysis of previous reports that have linked certain diets and gut microbiota. The study Continue Reading

Probiotics can improve swine gut health and effective use of nutrients

In line with the growing need for ideal alternatives to in-feed antibiotics following the restrictions placed on antibiotic growth promoters, scientists from the Mississippi State University and the University of Manitoba have published a paper that outlines “up-to-date knowledge and comprehensive references” for probiotic use for swine production. The study, which appeared Continue Reading

Imbalanced gut microbes found to precede Parkinson’s Disease diagnosis… is the GUT changing neuromuscular control?

A recent study published in Movement Disorders revealed that changes in gut bacterial communities may serve as an early indicator of Parkinson’s disease. It was previously inferred that the debilitating neurological disease may be caused by outside factors. According to the “dual hit” hypothesis, an unknown pathogen may enter the human body Continue Reading