Neuroimaging reveals hidden communication between brain layers during reading

Language involves many different regions of the brain. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and the Donders Institute at Radboud University discovered previously hidden connections between brain layers during reading, in a neuroimaging study reported in PNAS. How is a language represented in the brain? This question is Continue Reading

Teen vaping study reveals how schools influence e-cigarette use, outlines prevention strategies

When e-cigarettes hit the U.S. market in 2007, they were promoted as a safer, healthier alternative to traditional, combustible cigarettes. The unintended consequence of vaping devices and e-cigarettes, however, is a new generation of vapers—teenagers—becoming addicted to nicotine. “In just one year, from 2017 to 2018, the number of high Continue Reading

Study reveals critical role of brain circuits in improving learning and memory

A University of California, Irvine-led team of scientists has discovered how newly identified neural circuits in the brain’s hippocampal formation play a critical role in object-location learning and memory. The study, published today in Nature Neuroscience, was led by Xiangmin Xu, Ph.D., an anatomy and neurobiology professor in the UCI Continue Reading

Novel regulator of mitochondrial cell death reveals a promising target for cancer therapy

Researchers at The Wistar Institute have described the role of mitochondrial fission factor (MFF) in controlling survival of cancer cells, suggesting the protein could represent a promising therapeutic target. They also found that expression of MFF is regulated by Myc, a ubiquitous mediator of cell proliferation that contributes to development Continue Reading

Preclinical study reveals the impact of age on immunotherapy treatment for breast cancer

Recent clinical trials have indicated that immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy, which is designed to unleash a patient’s immune system to attack cancer, has been revolutionary in its implications for breast cancer treatment, especially for its potential to treat patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Despite the fact that Continue Reading

Survey reveals skyrocketing interest in marijuana and cannabinoids for pain

Millennials lead the escalating interest in marijuana and cannabinoid compounds for managing pain鈥攚ith older generations not far behind鈥攁nd yet most are unaware of potential risks. Three-quarters (75%) of Americans who expressed interest in using marijuana or cannabinoids to address pain are under the impression they are safer or have fewer Continue Reading

Study reveals how stress can curb the desire to eat in an animal model

Eating disorder researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have discovered a neurocircuit in mice that, when activated, increased their stress levels while decreasing their desire to eat. Findings appear in Nature Communications. The scientists believe their research could aid efforts to develop treatments for Continue Reading