AI system accurately detects key findings in chest X-rays of pneumonia patients within 10 seconds

From 20 minutes or more to 10 seconds. Researchers from Intermountain Healthcare and Stanford University say 10 seconds is about how quickly it took a new system they studied that utilizes artificial intelligence to accurately identify key findings in chest X-rays of patients in the emergency department suspected of having Continue Reading

Microbes are a key marker of vaginal health during menopause

Certain species of bacteria are actually necessary to maintain vaginal health. The menopause transition, however, often upsets the natural balance of bacteria by decreasing the proportion of healthy bacteria and increasing vaginal pH. This can result in urogenital infections and other vaginal health problems. The importance of vaginal bacterial colonization Continue Reading

First comprehensive structural data on a key flu protein鈥攊t’s central to infection

Influenza A viruses spawn epidemics, global pandemics and sweeping outbreaks that kill millions of birds, yet only now have flu scientists obtained comprehensive, high-resolution structural data on a protein that is key to the very survival of an influenza virus. The highlighted protein is RNA polymerase, which transcribes and replicates Continue Reading

New cardiac fibrosis study identifies key proteins that translate into heart disease

Using cutting-edge technologies, researchers at Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore, have developed the first genome-wide dataset on protein translation during fibroblast activation, revealing a network of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) that play a key role in the formation of disease-causing fibrous tissue in the heart. Their findings, published in the journal Circulation, Continue Reading

Source water key to bacterial water safety in remote Northern Australia

In the wet-dry topics of Australia, drinking water in remote communities is often sourced from groundwater bores. The geochemistry of that groundwater impacts the occurrence of opportunistic pathogens in the drinking water supply, researchers now report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. Many aquifers in the tropics of Northern Australia are Continue Reading

Researchers identify key areas of measles virus polymerase to target for antiviral drug development

Targeting specific areas of the measles virus polymerase, a protein complex that copies the viral genome, can effectively fight the measles virus and be used as an approach to developing new antiviral drugs to treat the serious infectious disease, according to a study by the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Continue Reading

Eye-tracking tests may be key to predicting who will develop Alzheimer’s disease, study finds

New research has found that it may be possible to predict if people with mild memory and thinking impairments will go onto develop Alzheimer’s disease using eye-tracking technology. Dr. Thom Wilcockson, of Loughborough University’s School of Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences, says he hopes the findings in the new paper Continue Reading