Curbing diesel emission could reduce big city mortality

U.S. cities could see a decline in mortality rates and an improved economy through midcentury if federal and local governments maintain stringent air pollution policies and diminish concentrations of diesel freight truck exhaust, according to Cornell University research. “The U.S. must reduce emission in the transportation sector. By improving air Continue Reading

Antidepressants may reduce anxiety more than depressive symptoms

One of the most common antidepressants, sertraline, leads to an early reduction in anxiety symptoms, commonly found in depression, several weeks before any improvement in depressive symptoms, a UCL-led clinical trial has found. Published in The Lancet Psychiatry and funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), this is Continue Reading

Antibiotics reduce survival rates in cancer patients taking immunotherapy

Cancer patients on immunotherapy fare worse if they have recently taken antibiotics, with their response and overall survival rate “crashing.” The findings come from a study of almost 200 cancer patients in the UK taking a type of immunotherapy called checkpoint inhibitors, part of the standard treatment pathway for cancer Continue Reading

Intrauterine device use may reduce incidence of ovarian cancer

(HealthDay)—Intrauterine device (IUD) use among reproductive women is associated with a decreased incidence of ovarian cancer, according to a review published online Sept. 10 in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Lindsay J. Wheeler, M.D., from the University of Colorado in Aurora, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to explore the relationship Continue Reading

How relapse happens: Opiates reduce the brain’s ability to form, maintain synapses

Exposure to heroin sharply reduces levels of the protein necessary for developing and maintaining the brain’s synapses, a preclinical study by University at Buffalo researchers has found. The development of addiction relapse is directly related to the impact that reductions in this protein, called drebrin, have on specific cells involved Continue Reading

H. pylori treatment may reduce gastric cancer incidence, death

(HealthDay)—Helicobacter pylori treatment, vitamin supplementation, and garlic supplementation are associated with a reduced risk for gastric cancer mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in The BMJ. Wen-Qing Li, from Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute in Beijing, and colleagues randomly assigned 2,258 residents of a high-risk region Continue Reading

Warnings on individual cigarettes could reduce smoking

Health warnings printed on individual cigarettes could play a key role in reducing smoking, according to new research from the University of Stirling. Experts from Stirling’s Institute of Social Marketing examined smokers’ perceptions of the warning ‘Smoking kills’ on individual cigarettes—as opposed to the message only appearing on packs. The Continue Reading

Modified drug combination may reduce risk of recurrence for some breast cancer patients

Oncologists at VCU Massey Cancer Center were invited to co-author an editorial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology providing expert commentary on findings from a large study conducted by German investigators that a modified drug combination may lead to a decreased chance of disease recurrence for women with high Continue Reading

Do single people suffer more? The mere presence of a partner may reduce pain

Researchers at the University of Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology (UMIT, Hall, Austria) and the University of the Balearic Islands (Palma de Mallorca, Spain) have confirmed the analgesic effects of social support—even without verbal or physical contact. The short communication, titled “Dispositional empathy is associated with experimental pain reduction Continue Reading