Study finds gut microbes adapt quickly to changes in food preparation

How we prepare food matters to us, surprisingly deeply, it turns out. Scientists have recently discovered that different diets—say, high-fat versus low-fat, or plant-based versus animal-based—can rapidly and reproducibly alter the composition and activity of the gut microbiome, where differences in the composition and activity can affect everything from metabolism Continue Reading

Should you keep eating red meat? Controversial study says well-known health risks are just bad science

Should you stop eating red meat for health reasons? That’s the question rocking the nutrition and scientific community after guidelines published in a peer-reviewed journal said people should continue eating red meat, running counter to what many scientific and health organizations have said for years. The paper’s authors say the Continue Reading

Study: Biomarker in urine may offer noninvasive detection of prostate cancer

A research study published in the journal Neoplasia and led by principal investigator Nallasivam Palanisamy, Ph.D., associate scientist in the Vattikuti Urology Institute at Henry Ford Health System, has identified a novel prostate cancer gene fusion involving the KLK4 protein coding gene and KLKP1 pseudogene. This unique biomarker can be Continue Reading

Study identifies brain protein that could put the brakes on Alzheimer’s

University of California, Irvine biologists blazing new approaches to studying Alzheimer’s disease have made a major finding on combating inflammation linked to the disease. The School of Biological Sciences researchers’ discovery about the role of a protein called TOM-1 heralds a shift toward examining the molecular underpinnings of Alzheimer’s processes. Continue Reading

Study finds early life racial discrimination linked to depression, accelerated aging for African Americans

Early life stress from racial discrimination puts African Americans at greater risk for accelerated aging, a marker for premature development of serious health problems and perhaps a shorter life expectancy, according to a study led by a Georgia State University psychology researcher. Sierra Carter, an assistant professor of psychology at Continue Reading

Whole genome sequencing could enable personalised cancer treatment, study suggests

Whole genome sequencing of tumour cells could help predict the prognosis of a patient’s cancer and offer clues to identify the most effective treatment, suggests an international study published today in Nature Medicine. Our DNA, the human genome, comprises of a string of molecules known as nucleotides. These are represented Continue Reading

New study explains molecular mechanism of botanical folk medicines used to treat hypertension

Common herbs, including lavender, fennel and chamomile, have a long history of use as folk medicines used to lower blood pressure. In a new study, University of California, Irvine researchers explain the molecular mechanisms that make them work. Published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the Continue Reading

Teen vaping study reveals how schools influence e-cigarette use, outlines prevention strategies

When e-cigarettes hit the U.S. market in 2007, they were promoted as a safer, healthier alternative to traditional, combustible cigarettes. The unintended consequence of vaping devices and e-cigarettes, however, is a new generation of vapers—teenagers—becoming addicted to nicotine. “In just one year, from 2017 to 2018, the number of high Continue Reading

Study highlights need to improve health care access in Vancouver, Portland and Seattle

UBC researchers have developed a data science method that analyzes how easily citizens can access hospitals and walk-in health clinics—and it’s a tool that could eventually help city planners and policymakers build smarter, more equitable cities. The researchers wrote data algorithms for three of the largest cities in the Pacific Continue Reading