Radiation right after surgery might not help prostate cancer patients

(HealthDay)鈥擨n the largest investigation of its kind, researchers conclude that subjecting prostate cancer patients to radiation therapy immediately after surgery doesn’t give them an advantage in staying cancer-free. The finding stems from a review of four studies that together tracked outcomes for more than 3,500 prostate cancer patients from multiple Continue Reading

Opioid prescriptions filled after eye surgery doubled from 2000 to 2014

From 2000 to 2014, rates of filled opioid prescriptions after eye surgery rose considerably, despite reduced invasiveness of these procedures, according to a new study by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The results are published today in JAMA Ophthalmology. “This really is surprising, Continue Reading

Surgery may benefit women with two types of urinary incontinence

Surgery for stress urinary incontinence (leaking that occurs with a cough or sneeze) improves symptoms of another form of incontinence, called urgency urinary incontinence, in women who have both types, according to a study supported by the National Institutes of Health. The findings challenge current treatment guidelines, which suggest that Continue Reading

Treatment for chronic neuropathic pain gets to the brain via a novel route, without surgery

University at Buffalo researchers who previously discovered how chronic neuropathic pain arises in the brain have now developed a treatment to block it. The research conducted by scientists in the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at UB was published online July 31 in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Continue Reading

Prescription size predicts persistent opioid use after cardiothoracic surgery

(HealthDay)—Prescription size is associated with increased new persistent opioid use among patients after cardiothoracic surgery, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery. Alexander A. Brescia, M.D., from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, and colleagues identified opioid-naive Medicare patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery Continue Reading

Physical and mental exercise lower chances for developing delirium after surgery

After having surgery, many older adults develop delirium, the medical term for sudden and severe confusion. In fact, between 10 and 67 percent of older adults experience delirium after surgery for non-heart-related issues, while 5 to 61 percent experience delirium after orthopedic surgery (surgery dealing with the bones and muscles). Continue Reading

Coffee may speed up recovery of function after bowel surgery

(HealthDay)—The time to first postoperative bowel movement after elective laparoscopic colorectal resection is shorter in those drinking coffee versus noncaffeinated tea, according to a study published in the August issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum. Simone Hasler-Gehrer, M.D., of Kantonsspital Baden in Switzerland, and colleagues randomly assigned 115 Continue Reading

Unused pharmaceuticals common after cataract surgery

(HealthDay)—Unused pharmaceutical products during phacoemulsification result in relatively high financial and environmental costs, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Ophthalmology. Jenna Tauber, M.D., from the New York University School of Medicine in New York City, and colleagues assessed the financial and environmental costs of unused pharmaceutical Continue Reading

Major surgery associated with small, long term decline in brain functioning

Major surgery is associated with a small long-term decline in cognitive functioning—equivalent, on average, to less than five months of natural brain ageing, finds a study in The BMJ today. But the odds of substantial cognitive decline also increase after surgery—approximately doubling—although the likelihood of this is much lower than Continue Reading